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16/08/2011

Panzers

Panzers were used to create a breakthrou and to eliminate enemy machine gun nest or to support infantry in urban terrains.
Panzer III
TypeMedium tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service1939–1945
Used by Nazi Germany
 Kingdom of Romania
 Slovak Republic
 Kingdom of Hungary
 Independent State of Croatia
 Turkey
 Norway
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerDaimler-Benz
Designed1935-1937
ManufacturerDaimler-Benz
Produced1939–1943
Number built5,774 (excluding StuG III)
Specifications
Weight23.0 tonnes (25.4 short tons)
Length6.41 m (20 ft)
Width2.90 m (9 ft 6 in)
Height2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)
Crew5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator/bow machine-gunner)

Armor5–70 mm (0.20–2.8 in)
Primary
armament
1 × 3.7 cm KwK 36 Ausf. A-F
1 × 5 cm KwK 38 Ausf. F-J
1 × 5 cm KwK 39 Ausf. J¹-M
1 × 7.5 cm KwK 37 Ausf. N
Secondary
armament
2-3 × 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
Engine12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM
300 PS (296 hp, 220 kW)
Power/weight12 hp/t
SuspensionTorsion-bar suspension
Operational
range
155 km (96 mi)
SpeedRoad: 40 km/h (25 mph)
Off-road: 20 km/h (12 mph)


Panzer IV
TypeMedium tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service1939–1967
Used byNazi Germany
Romania
Turkey
Hungary
Bulgaria
Finland
Spain
Croatia
Syria
WarsWorld War IISix-Day War
Production history
DesignerKrupp
Designed1936
ManufacturerKruppSteyr-Daimler-Puch
Unit cost~ 103,462 Reichsmarks[1]
Produced1936–45
Number built8,800 (estimate)
Specifications (Pz IV Ausf H, 1943[2])
Weight25.0 tonnes (27.6 short tons; 24.6 long tons)
Length5.92 metres (19 ft 5 in)
7.02 metres (23 ft 0 in) gun forward
Width2.88 m (9 ft 5 in)
Height2.68 m (8 ft 10 in)
Crew5 (commander, gunner, loader, driver, radio operator/bow machine-gunner)

Armor10–80 mm (0.39–3.1 in)
Primary
armament
7.5 cm (2.95 in) KwK 40 L/48 main gun (87 rds.)
Secondary
armament
2–3 × 7.92-mm Maschinengewehr 34
Engine12-cylinder Maybach HL 120 TRM
300 PS (296 hp, 220 kW)
Power/weight12 PS/t
Transmission6 forward and 1 reverse ratios
SuspensionLeaf spring
Fuel capacity470 l (120 US gal)
Operational
range
200 km (120 mi)
Speed42 km/h (26 mph) road, 16 km/h (9.9 mph) off road


Panzer V "Panther"
TypeMedium tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service1943–1945 (Nazi Germany)
Used by Nazi Germany (main user)
 France (a few captured)
 Soviet Union (a few captured)
 Romania (~21 post war)
 Bulgaria (a few captured)
 Hungary (a few captured)
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerMAN AG
Designed1942
Manufacturerinitially to be built by MAN in N├╝rnberg, Daimler-Benz in Berlin-Marienfelde, Maschinenfabrik Niedersachsen Hannover (MNH) in Hannover, and Henschel & Sohn in Kassel.
Unit costAusf. D initial contract unit cost RM 117,100 (excluding armament)
Produced1942–1945
Number builtabout 6,000[1]
Specifications
Weight44.8 tonnes (44.1 long tons; 49.4 short tons)[2]
Length6.87 metres (22 ft 6 in)
8.66 metres (28 ft 5 in) gun forward[2]
Width3.27 metres (10 ft 9 in)[2]
3.42 metres (11 ft 3 in) with skirts
Height2.99 metres (9 ft 10 in)
Crew5 (Driver, radio-operator/hull machine gunner, commander, gunner, loader)

Armor15–120 mm (0.59–4.7 in)
Primary
armament
1 × 7.5 cm KwK 42 L/70
79 rounds[2]
Secondary
armament
2 × 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
5,100 rounds
EngineV-12 petrol Maybach HL230 P30[2]
700 PS (690 hp, 515 kW)
Power/weight15.39 PS/tonne (13.77 hp/ton)
TransmissionZF AK 7-200. 7 forward 1 reverse[2]
Suspensiondouble torsion bar, interleaved road wheels
Operational
range
250 km (160 mi)
Speed55 km/h (34 mph) (first models), 46 km/h (29 mph) (later models)


Panzer VI "Tiger I"
TypeHeavy tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service1942–1945
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerHenschel & Son
Designed1941
ManufacturerHenschel
Unit cost250,800 RM [2]
Produced1942–1944
Number built1,347[Notes 1]
Specifications
Weight56.9 tonnes or 62.72 tons
Length6.29 m (20 ft 8 in)
8.45 m (27 ft 9 in) (gun forward)
Width3.55 m (11 ft 8 in)
Height3.0 m (9 ft 10 in)
Crew5

Armour25–120 mm (0.98–4.7 in)[3][4]
Primary
armament
1× 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56
92 rounds
(106 and 120 rounds for some modifications)
Secondary
armament
2× 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
4,800 rounds
EngineMaybach HL230 P45 (V-12 petrol)
700 PS (690.4 hp, 514.8 kW)
Power/weight12.3 PS/tonne
Suspensiontorsion bar
Operational
range
110–195 km (68–121 mi)
Speed38 km/h (24 mph)


Tiger II

TypeHeavy tank
Place of origin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service1944–1945
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerHenschel & Son / Krupp (turret)
Designed1943
ManufacturerHenschel & Son / Krupp (turret)
Produced1943–1945
Number built492 [1]
Specifications
Weight68.5 tonnes (67.4 long tons; 75.5 short tons) (early turret)
69.8 tonnes (68.7 long tons; 76.9 short tons) (production turret)[2]
Length6.4 metres (21 ft 0 in)
10.286 metres (33 ft 9 in) with gun forward[2]
Width3.755 metres (12 ft 4 in)[2]
Height3.09 metres (10 ft 2 in)
Crew5 (commander, gunner, loader, radio operator, driver)

Armor25–180 mm (1–7 in)
Primary
armament
1× 8.8 cm KwK 43 L/71
"Porsche" turret: 80 rounds[3]
Production turret: 86 rounds[3]
Secondary
armament
2× 7.92 mm Maschinengewehr 34
5,850 rounds[4]
EngineV-12 Maybach HL 230 P30gasoline
700 PS (690 hp, 515 kW)[2]
Power/weight10 PS/tonne (8.97 hp/ton)
TransmissionMaybach OLVAR EG 40 12 16 B (8 forward and 4 reverse)[2]
Suspensiontorsion-bar
Ground clearance500 mm (1 ft 8 in)[4]
Fuel capacity860 litres (190 imp gal)[4]
Operational
range
Road: 170 km (110 mi)[5]
Cross country: 120 km (75 mi)[5]
SpeedMaximum, road: 41.5 km/h (25.8 mph)[5]
Sustained, road: 38 km/h (24 mph)[5]
Cross country: 15 to 20 km/h (9.3 to 12 mph)[5

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